The Most Common Gym Terms You Should Know

Gym Terms and Important Gym Information For You

In the gym world, learning of common terms will help you get by and improve your training, as you will understand things better. Today’s post is all about a glossary of common fitness terms to know, especially if you were a newbie in training.

Gym Terms
Gym Terms


  • Abduction is the limb’s movement away from your body’s center.
  • Abs is short term for abdominal muscles.
  • Activities of Daily Living refer to the physical activities you do in your daily life, including walking up the stairs and bathing. They are factors in to your basal metabolic rate, but tracking the calories, which are burned using ADLS, isn’t advisable if you were losing weight.
  • Adduction is the limb’s movement toward the body’s middle part.
  • Aerobic activity or exercise is a type of rhythmic activity for increasing your body’s need for oxygen through main muscle groups for at least 10 minutes, continuously.
  • Anaerobic means high intensity but short lasting activity where the oxygen demanded from the routine exceeds your oxygen supply.
  • Antagonist muscle causes joint movement in a direction, which is opposite to that of the antagonist joint or prime mover.


  • Bar is a steel shaft forming the basic component of a dumbbell or a barbell, normally about an inch thick.
  • Basic exercise increases the largest muscle groups of the body, such as the back and the chest.
  • Benches provide a wide range of exercises, and the most common is the flat exercise bench.


  • Calories are the unit of measurement for food’s energy value.
  • Chalk powder is used by trainees on hands for a secured grip.
  • Cholesterol is a type of fat widely known as fat increasing one’s risk to heart attack and stroke.
  • Circuit training means going quickly from one to another exercise apparatus to promote overall fitness and to keep pulse rate.
  • Clean is movement of raising two dumbbells or a barbell from the floor up to one’s shoulders with a smooth motion in order to prepare for an overhead lifting.


  • Density refers to muscle hardness, but among experienced bodybuilders, both muscle density and muscle mass are valued.
  • Drop sets means reducing weight in the middle set while the exercise is continued until muscle exhaustion.


  • Easy set means an exercise isn’t close to maximum effort.
  • Energy is your work capacity.
  • Endurance is your muscle ability to producing non-stop force over a time.
  • Estrogen is the female sex hormone.
  • Exercise refers to individual movement performed in bodybuilding routines.
  • Extension is the body part that goes to a straight from a bent position.


  • Fat is one of the essential macronutrients containing about nine calories per gram.
  • Flexion is bending in contrast to extending.
  • A forced rep is to extend a set beyond one’s point of failure in order to induce greater gains in terms of muscle quality and mass.


  • Free weights include barbells, dumbbells and kettlebells.
  • Fructose is the main sugar type found in fruits.


  • Glucose is known as the simplest form of sugar.
  • Gluteal is the collective term for the gluteus medius, maximus and minimus.
  • Gorging is eating excessive amounts of food in one sitting.


  • Hand off is the assistance in having the weight to its starting point or position.
  • Hard set is to make a prescribed number of repetitions with the use of maximum effort.
  • HDL means high-density lipoprotein or good cholesterol as many dubbed it to be.


  • IFBB is the International Federation of Bodybuilders established in 1946. They oversee amateur and professional bodybuilding competitions.
  • Intensity is an effort’s relative degree, which one put into every set he does meaning the more intensity one put into his muscles in training, the faster he will increase in hypertrophy.
  • Isometric exercise is muscle contraction where muscle keeps its constant length while the joints aren’t moving.
  • Isotonic exercise is in contrast to basic exercise because it stresses only a single muscle group.


  • Juice is a slang term referring to anabolic steroids.


  • Kinesiology is the general term referring to the study of muscles as well as their movements.


  • Lats is the short term used for latissimus dorsi, the largest back muscles that move your arms in an internal rotation, downward or backward.
  • Law of Nature means either you use it, or you lose it.
  • Lift off is the assistance in having the weight to its proper starting point or position.
  • Ligament is the fibrous, strong tissue band that connect two or more cartilages or bones or for supporting an organ, muscle or fascia.


  • Mass is another common gym term used to refer to the relative size per muscle group, or one’s overall physique
  • Metabolism is your body’s use of the nutrients and is the process where the substances are coming into your body as well as the rate they are used.
  • Military press is pressing a barbell from one’s upper chest from a sitting or standing position upward.
  • Minerals are inorganic substances that play an important role in most metabolic processes.
  • Mixed pairs competition is a competition wherein a couple competes against other couples, something new in bodybuilding of today.


  • Negative reps is where one or two partners help you in lifting a weight up to 50 percent heavier than what you would normally lift in order to finishing movement point, and then you slowly will move the weight lower on your own.


  • Overload principle is applying higher load to the muscle than usual.


  • Plyometric exercise is routine where the muscles are loaded and stretched suddenly, then are contracted to make a movement quickly.


  • A rep is the abbreviated term of repetitions.
  • Routine is the training program or schedule.


  • Spot means an assist is being called upon from someone by the exerciser.
  • Sticking point is stalling out of one’s progress in bodybuilding.


  • Trimming down is to increase or gain appearance of the muscle by losing body fat.


  • Warm up is composed of 10 to 15 minutes of aerobic exercises, light calisthenics and stretching before heavy training routines.
  • Weight training belt is a thick leather belt used in supporting lower back while doing military presses or squats, among others.
  • Workout is a weight training or bodybuilding session.

Definitely, this gym glossary of terms isn’t complete, but it’s a good way to start in familiarizing yourself in the gym industry. Learn more about common gym terms today!